Maersk to Resume Operations in Red Sea Despite Houthi Attacks: A Risky Decision Amidst Ongoing Turmoil

25 December 2023

Multinational Task Force Prompts Maersk to Reverse Rerouting Decision, but Uncertainty Looms

Shipping giant Maersk has announced its plans to resume operations in the Red Sea, reversing its earlier decision to reroute vessels around Africa. The company initially took this precautionary measure to avoid Houthi attacks in the region, which have been targeting passing commercial vessels for weeks. However, with the deployment of a multinational security initiative known as Operation Prosperity Guardian (OPG), Maersk feels confident enough to return to its regular transit route. While this decision offers hope for improved shipping efficiency, the ongoing risk in the area remains a cause for concern.

1: Houthi Attacks Disrupt Shipping in the Red Sea

For several weeks, the Iran-backed Houthi rebel group has been using drones and ballistic missiles to target commercial vessels passing through the Red Sea. The attacks are in protest of Israeli operations in the Gaza Strip. In mid-December, Maersk’s Gibraltar container ship was reportedly targeted by a Houthi drone strike, although the company denied claims that the ship was hit. These attacks have caused significant disruption to shipping in the area, despite the Red Sea’s strategic importance as the fastest route between Europe and Asia.

2: The Costly Consequences of Rerouting

To avoid the Houthi attacks, Maersk initially decided to reroute its vessels around Africa. However, this alternative route is lengthier and more expensive, resulting in increased costs for carriers. The longer transit times and additional fuel expenses have led to a rise in surcharges, further burdening the shipping industry. The disruption caused by the attacks and the subsequent rerouting have highlighted the need for a comprehensive security solution to safeguard shipping lanes in the region.

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3: Operation Prosperity Guardian Offers Hope

In response to the escalating attacks, the United States organized Operation Prosperity Guardian, a joint naval coalition aimed at providing security to shipping lanes in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. The initiative involves a multinational task force comprising key members of the Combined Maritime Forces. While the start of OPG was not without challenges, with some states initially refusing to participate, it has since gained momentum and reassured Maersk of its commitment to ensuring safe passage for vessels.

4: Maersk’s Decision to Resume Operations

Maersk’s decision to resume operations in the Red Sea comes as a result of the deployment of Operation Prosperity Guardian. The company stated that it is preparing for vessels to transit through the Red Sea in both eastbound and westbound directions as soon as operationally feasible. However, Maersk also acknowledged that the overall risk in the area has not been entirely eliminated, leaving open the possibility of reversing its decision in the future. The company’s cautious approach reflects the ongoing uncertainty surrounding the security situation in the region.


Maersk’s decision to resume operations in the Red Sea marks a significant development in the ongoing battle to secure shipping lanes amidst Houthi attacks. The multinational security initiative, Operation Prosperity Guardian, has provided some reassurance to the shipping industry, but the overall risk in the area remains a cause for concern. As Maersk navigates the delicate balance between efficiency and safety, the situation in the Red Sea serves as a stark reminder of the challenges faced by global trade in volatile regions. The need for a comprehensive and sustainable security solution is more pressing than ever.

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