Retail Apocalypse: Major US Retailers File for Bankruptcy in 2023

25 December 2023

Economic challenges, supply shortages, and increased competition lead to the downfall of iconic American retailers.

The year 2023 has proven to be a tumultuous one for several well-known US retailers. As the economy struggled to recover from the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, companies faced a myriad of problems, including high costs, supply shortages, and fierce competition. This perfect storm of challenges has resulted in the bankruptcy filings of several household-name retailers. While bankruptcy does not necessarily mean the end of a business, it is a clear indicator of the significant financial difficulties these companies are facing. In this article, we will explore the stories behind the bankruptcies of WeWork, Rite Aid, Bed Bath & Beyond, Tuesday Morning, Party City, SmileDirectClub, and Lordstown Motors, shedding light on the factors that led to their downfall and the potential implications for the retail industry as a whole.

WeWork: A Rise and Fall
WeWork, once hailed as the nation’s most valuable start-up, experienced a rollercoaster ride in 2023. The company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in November, citing the devastating impact of the pandemic on its core business. However, WeWork’s troubles began long before Covid-19. A failed IPO attempt in 2019 exposed significant losses and raised concerns about potential conflicts of interest involving the company’s co-founder and former CEO, Adam Neumann. Neumann’s unorthodox leadership style and questionable business practices further eroded investor confidence. As WeWork renegotiates its leases and debt obligations, the future of the coworking space giant hangs in the balance.

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Rite Aid: Losing the Battle
Rite Aid, a prominent drugstore chain, succumbed to mounting debt and intense competition, leading to its Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing in October. The company faced expensive lawsuits related to allegations of filing unlawful opioid prescriptions, similar to its rivals CVS and Walgreens. However, Rite Aid struggled to recover financially and compete against customer-friendly alternatives like Amazon, Walmart, Target, and Costco. With significant losses and increasing theft, Rite Aid sought $3.5 billion in financing and debt reduction agreements to navigate its bankruptcy process. The company plans to close stores, sell off some businesses, and appointed a new CEO to steer its future course.

Bed Bath & Beyond: The Final Demise
After a long and arduous journey, Bed Bath & Beyond filed for bankruptcy in April, resulting in the closure of its remaining 360 stores and 120 buybuy BABY locations. However, the iconic blue logo lives on under new ownership. acquired the brand and relaunched its own site as, merging its online business model with popular branded products favored by Bed Bath & Beyond shoppers. Despite attempts to save money through store closures and severance cuts, Bed Bath & Beyond’s bankruptcy signifies the challenges faced by traditional brick-and-mortar retailers in an increasingly digital world.

Tuesday Morning: A Party Cut Short
Tuesday Morning, a home goods store, faced an insurmountable debt burden and filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in February. This marked the company’s second bankruptcy in three years. In May, Tuesday Morning announced it would go out of business, closing all 200 of its stores. The pandemic-induced store closures in 2020 exacerbated the financial challenges the company was already facing. Despite efforts to restructure its debt, Tuesday Morning ultimately succumbed to competition and years of financial losses, underscoring the difficulties faced by retailers in the ever-evolving marketplace.

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Party City: Deflating Competition
Party City, America’s largest party supplier, filed for bankruptcy in 2023, citing intense competition from big-box retailers, rising costs during the pandemic, and a helium shortage. However, the company successfully exited bankruptcy in September after a US judge approved its reorganization plans. The agreement canceled nearly $1 billion of Party City’s debt, allowing the majority of its nearly 800 US stores to remain open. Party City’s experience highlights the need for retailers to adapt to changing consumer preferences and navigate unforeseen challenges to survive in a highly competitive market.

SmileDirectClub: A Smiling Remedy
SmileDirectClub, a telehealth orthodontics company, faced financial struggles and filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in December. The company, which offered affordable teeth aligners, sought to restructure its operations while ensuring continuity of care for its customers. Despite the setback, SmileDirectClub expressed its commitment to providing accessible and affordable oral care in the long term. The bankruptcy filing underscores the challenges faced by companies in the healthcare industry and the need for innovative solutions to address changing consumer demands.

Lordstown Motors: Driven to Bankruptcy
Lordstown Motors, an electric vehicle maker, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in June and put itself up for sale. The company’s troubles stemmed from a failed partnership with Foxconn, one of the world’s largest electronics manufacturers, which resulted in accusations of fraud and broken promises. As Lordstown Motors sought to restructure and find a buyer, the future of the company and its impact on the local economy remained uncertain. The bankruptcy filing serves as a cautionary tale for companies navigating partnerships and the challenges of the rapidly evolving electric vehicle market.

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The bankruptcies of WeWork, Rite Aid, Bed Bath & Beyond, Tuesday Morning, Party City, SmileDirectClub, and Lordstown Motors highlight the immense challenges faced by US retailers in 2023. Economic pressures, supply chain disruptions, and increased competition have forced these companies to seek bankruptcy protection or cease operations altogether. As the retail industry continues to evolve, traditional brick-and-mortar retailers must adapt to changing consumer preferences and find innovative ways to stay relevant in an increasingly digital world. The fallout from these bankruptcies serves as a wake-up call for businesses to reassess their strategies and embrace transformation to survive in the ever-changing marketplace.

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